BGP in 2014

The Border Gateway Protocol, or BGP, has been holding the Internet together, for more than two decades and nothing seems to be falling off the edge so far. As far as we can tell everyone can still see everyone else, assuming that they want to be seen, and the distributed…


How Big is that Network?

How “big” is a network? How many customers are served by an Internet Service Provider? While some network operators openly publish such numbers, other operators regard such numbers as commercially sensitive information. There are a number of techniques used to estimate the relative size of each Service Provider from public…


Addressing 2013 – That Was The Year That Was

Time for another annual roundup from the world of IP addresses. What happened in 2013 and what is likely to happen in 2014? This is an update to the reports prepared at the same time in previous years, so lets see what has changed in the past 12 months in…


IP Addresses and Traceback

This is an informal description the evolution of a particular area of network forensic activity, namely that of traceback. This activity typically involves using data recorded at one end of a network transaction, and using various logs and registration records to identify the other party to the transaction. Here we’ll…


Valuing IP Addresses

The prospect of exhaustion of the IPv4 address space is not a surprise. We’ve been anticipating this situation since at least 1990. But it’s a “lumpy” form of exhaustion. It’s not the case that the scarcity pressures for IP addresses are evidently to the same level in every part of…


Updating the Predictions of Exhaustion

It’s time I updated the IPv4 Address Report. For ARIN and LACNIC the time when the registry reaches into its collection of available IPv4 addresses and comes out empty handed is getting closer, and its time to sharpen up the modelling about exhaustion.


All IP Addresses are not the Same

One IP address is much the same as another – right? There’s hardly a difference between 192.0.2.45 and 192.0.2.46 is there? They are just encoded integer values, and aside from numerological considerations, one address value is as good or bad as any other – right? So IP addresses are much…


When?

At the April 2013 ARIN meeting the inevitable question came up once more: “Exactly when is ARIN going to run out of IPv4 addresses?” Various dates have been proposed as an answer to this question, based on various methods of prediction. As the date is indeed getting closer, it may…


The Company You Keep

This story started earlier this year, with a posting to the Australian network operators’ mailing list, asking if anyone had more information about why the web site that was operated by an outfit called “Melbourne Free University” was inaccessible through a number of major Australian ISPs. When they asked their…


Literally IPv6

As many who have worked with computer software would attest, software bugs come in many strange forms. This month I’d like to relate a recent experience I’ve had with one such bug that pulls together aspects of IPv6 standard specifications and interoperability.